February 4, 2011

Christian gnosticism

"The Temple of the Rose Cross," Teop...Image via WikipediaThe Temple of the Rose Cross, Teophilus Schweighardt Constantiens, 1618

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  • Catharism - "Catharism was a name given to a Christian religious sect with dualistic and gnostic elements that appeared in the Languedoc region of France and other parts of Europe in the 11th century and flourished in the 12th and 13th centuries." - Wikipedia
  • Esoteric Christianity - "Esoteric Christianity is a term which refers to an ensemble of spiritual currents which regard Christianity as a mystery religion, and profess the existence and possession of certain esoteric doctrines or practices, hidden from the public but accessible only to a narrow circle of "enlightened", "initiated", or highly educated people." - Wikipedia
  • Fathers of Christian Gnosticism - "By "Fathers of Christian Gnosticism" is meant the supposed early teachers of Gnosticism. There is no evidence that ancient Gnostic Christians used this term for their leaders, but it is sometimes used today by analogy with the term "Church Fathers" or "Fathers of the Church" applied to early influential writers in the orthodox Christian Church." - Wikipedia
  • Gnosticism - "Gnosticism (Greek: γνῶσις gnōsis, knowledge) is a set of diverse, syncretistic religious movements in Late Antiquity consisting of various belief systems generally united in the teaching that the material cosmos was created by an imperfect god, the demiurge with some of the pneuma of the supreme God, referred to by several terms including Pleroma and Godhead." - Wikipedia
  • Gnosticism and the New Testament - "The Gnostic movements were centered around gnosis of the divine rather than faith (pistis) and therefore are often associated with mysticism." - Wikipedia
  • History of Gnosticism - Wikipedia
  • Knights Templar - "Officially endorsed by the Roman Catholic Church around 1129, the Order became a favored charity throughout Christendom, and grew rapidly in membership and power. Templar knights, in their distinctive white mantles with a red cross, were among the most skilled fighting units of the Crusades." - Wikipedia
  • Nag Hammadi library - "The Nag Hammadi library is a collection of early Christian Gnostic texts discovered near the Upper Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi in 1945." - Wikipedia
  • Rosicrucianism - "Rosicrucianism is a philosophical secret society, said to have been founded in late medieval Germany by Christian Rosenkreuz. It holds a doctrine or theology "built on esoteric truths of the ancient past"" - Wikipedia
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